Hair Restoration Atlanta, Georgia
Automatic Follicular Unit Extraction
A procedure where hair is transplanted from the permanent zone to the bald or balding areas of the scalp.
The permanent zone is known as the area in the back and sides of the scalp where hair is more resistant to balding. This is accomplished using naturally-occurring groups of 1,2,3 or 4 hairs, called follicular units. After the patient’s scalp is anesthetized, the doctor removes a strip of tissue from the donor area which is an area within the permanent zone. Once the tissue is extracted, the donor strip is cut into many individual follicular units using microscopic dissection techniques. As these follicular unit grafts are being prepared, the doctor makes tiny holes in the scalp, called recipient sites, where the grafts are placed.
The aesthetic qualities of a hair transplant are determined by the arrangement and positioning of the follicular unit grafts. Depending on the patients’ history of hair loss, the decision on how to arrange the grafts is made on a case-by-case basis. Follicular unit transplants replicate the way hair grows in nature resulting in a completely natural look and feel that is undetectable from one’s original hair.
Follicular Unit Transplant
The difference between Automatic Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) and Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT) is the method by which follicular units are removed from the donor area in the back and sides of the scalp. The remainder of the procedure is essentially the same.
Follicular units are extracted directly from the scalp in FUE whereas follicles are microscopically dissected from a strip that has already been removed in FUT.
The harvesting method does have important implications for the hair restoration procedure as it will affect the total number of high quality grafts that can be harvested from the donor area and, ultimately, the fullness achieved from the hair transplant.
A hair transplant technique in which follicular units are removed directly from the donor area. The grafts are then transplanted into areas where the patient desires more hair creating a natural and thicker looking hair line.
During the Automatic Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) hair transplant procedure, individual follicular unit grafts are excised one at a time using a tiny one millimeter in diameter device. This is used to make a small circular incision in the skin around the follicular unit. The graft is then extracted directly from the scalp.
In order for the physician to optimally visualize the patient’s scalp, the patient’s hair in the donor area where the grafts will be removed is usually cut short or almost shaved before the procedure begins.
The small opening left behind after the follicle unit is extracted heals in just a few days. The tiny aperture contract as it heals, making the resulting round scar less noticeable.